Muḥammad as the Qur’an in Ibn ‘Arabī’s Metaphysics

Sophia 63 (2):195-213 (2024)
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Abstract

Muḥyī al-Dīn Ibn ‘Arabī (d. 638/1240) is regarded as one of the foremost mystical thinkers in Islam. This paper explores the ways in which he and his followers distinguish between the reality of Muḥammad (al-ḥaqīqa al-Muḥammadiyya) or the light of Muḥammad (al-nūr al-Muḥammadī), as the metaphysical reality of Muḥammad, and his metahistorical manifestation as Muḥammad Ibn ‘Abd Allāh. In his metaphysical reality, Muḥammad is the manifestation of the qur’ān, which ‘brings together’ the divine and His creation. Muḥammad’s metaphysical reality, as the primary recipient of the divine outpouring, enables further differentiations of the divine to emerge in the form of the universe, and establishes his connection to the divine. Yet the Qur’an is also temporal in terms of being an historical act of revelation. Likewise, Muḥammad Ibn ‘Abd Allāh, in terms of his physical reality, was temporally circumscribed. It is in these ways, argues Ibn ‘Arabī and his acolytes, that Muḥammad, as reality and personality, brings together the divine and the temporal, in the same manner as the qur’ān/Qur’an respectively.

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References found in this work

Creative Imagination in the Sūfism of Ibn 'Arabī.Henry Corbin - 1970 - Philosophy East and West 20 (4):433-435.
Mystical Dimensions of Islam.Hamid Algar & Annemarie Schimmel - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (4):485.
Sufism and Islamic Reform in Egypt: The Battle for Islamic Tradition.Fauzi M. Najjar & Julian Johansen - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (1):104.
The Philosophy of Ibn 'Arabi.Rom Landau - 1959 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 14 (4):545-545.

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