Authors
Chong-Ming Lim
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Ten-Herng Lai
Australian National University
Abstract
Social movements often impose nontrivial costs on others against their wills. Civil disobedience is no exception. How can social movements in general, and civil disobedience in particular, be justifiable despite this apparent wrong-making feature? We examine an intuitively plausible account – it is fair that everyone should bear the burdens of tackling injustice. We extend this fairness-based argument for civil disobedience to defend some acts of uncivil disobedience. Focusing on uncivil environmental activism – such as ecotage (sabotage with the aim of protecting the environment) – we argue that some acts of uncivil disobedience can be morally superior to their civil counterparts, when and because such acts target people who are responsible for environmental threats. Indeed, insofar as some acts of uncivil disobedience can more accurately target responsible people, they can better satisfy the demands of fairness compared to their civil counterparts. In some circumstances, our argument may require activists to engage in uncivil disobedience even when civil disobedience is available.
Keywords civil disobedience  uncivil disobedience  ecotage  environmental activism  fairness  violence
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Taking Rights Seriously.Ronald Dworkin (ed.) - 1977 - Duckworth.
Killing in War.Jeff McMahan - 2009 - Oxford University Press.

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