Authors
Philippe Claude Lacour
Universidade de Brasília
Abstract
In this article, I investigate Ricœur’s definition of philosophy by addressing two of its most fundamental conditions: meaning, which somehow constitutes its inner material, and reflexivity, which is the principle of its dynamic articulation. I proceed in two steps. First, I distinguish five different levels of discourse, underlining the originality of each of them: descriptive, transphrastic, self-comprehensive, anthropological, metaphysical. Then I explain the role played by reflexivity, both in its intra- and inter-semiotic dimension, in delimitating these various levels and helping the transition from one to another. In conclusion, I show that the whole of Ricœur’s philosophy can be characterized by a confidence in language, in its both obstinate and cautious effort to “enlighten existence” by pushing the limits of its fontiers.
Keywords Discours  Discourse  Meaning  Niveaux spéculatifs  Reflexivity  Réflexivité  Signification  Speculative Levels  Traduction  Translation
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DOI 10.5195/errs.2020.497
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References found in this work BETA

Paul Ricoeur and the Hermeneutics of Translation.Richard Kearney - 2007 - Research in Phenomenology 37 (2):147-159.
Sémiologie de la langue.Émile Benveniste - 1969 - Semiotica 1 (1):1-12.
Le discours théologique et le symbole.Jean Ladrière - 1975 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 49 (1):116-141.
Catégories de Pensée Et Catégories de Langue.Émile Benveniste - 1958 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 13 (4):419 - 429.

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