Brent G. Kyle
United States Air Force Academy
The doctrine of penal substitution claims that it was good (or required) for God to punish in response to human sin, and that Christ received this punishment in our stead. I argue that this doctrine’s central factual claim—that Christ was punished by God—is mistaken. In order to punish someone, one must at least believe the recipient is responsible for an offense. But God surely did not believe the innocent Christ was responsible for an offense, let alone the offense of human sin. So, the central factual claim is mistaken. In the final section, I show that this critique of penal substitution does not apply to the closely-related Anselmian satisfaction theory
Keywords Punishment  Atonement  Penal substitution  Satisfaction theory
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DOI 10.1007/s11153-012-9382-1
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References found in this work BETA

The Problem of Punishment.David Boonin - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
Responsibility and Atonement.Richard Swinburne - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
On Punishment.A. M. Quinton - 1953 - Analysis 14 (6):133 - 142.
Do We Believe in Penal Substitution?David K. Lewis - 1997 - Philosophical Papers 26 (3):203 - 209.

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