A Litmus Test for Exploitation: James Stacey Taylor's Stakes and Kidneys

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (6):552-572 (2009)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

James Stacy Taylor advances a thorough argument for the legalization of markets in current (live) human kidneys. The market is seemly the most abhorrent type of market, a market where the least well-off sell part of their body to the most well off. Though rigorously defended overall, his arguments concerning exploitation are thin. I examine a number of prominent bioethicists’ account of exploitation: most importantly, Ruth Sample’s exploitation as degradation. I do so in the context of Taylor’s argument, with the aim of buttressing Taylor’s position that a regulated kidney market is morally allowable. I argue that Sample fails to provide normative grounds consistent with her claim that exploitation is wrong. I then reformulate her account for consistency and plausibility. Still, this seemingly more plausible view does not show that Taylor’s regulated kidney market is prohibitively exploitative of impoverished persons. I tack into place one more piece of support for Taylor’s conclusion.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,168

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Noxious Markets versus Noxious Gift Relationships.Hallie Liberto - 2013 - Social Theory and Practice 39 (2):265-287.
Exploitation.Allen W. Wood - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):136--158.
The Ethics of Exploitation.Paul McLaughlin - 2008 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 1 (3):5-16.
Paying for kidneys: The case against prohibition.Michael B. Gill & Robert M. Sade - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):17-45.
Exploitation, Autonomy, and the Case for Organ Sales.Paul M. Hughes - 1998 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):89-95.
In defense of a regulated market in kidneys from living vendors.Benjamin E. Hippen - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (6):593 – 626.
The injustice of exploitation.Vittorio Bufacchi - 2002 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 5 (1):1-15.
Exploitation via Labour Power in Marx.Henry Laycock - 1999 - The Journal of Ethics 3 (2):121--131.

Analytics

Added to PP
2010-09-14

Downloads
49 (#241,000)

6 months
1 (#448,551)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

J. R. Kuntz
University of Edinburgh

Citations of this work

Autonomy and Organ Sales, Revisited.J. S. Taylor - 2009 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (6):632-648.

Add more citations