Authors
Aryeh Kosman
Last affiliation: Haverford College
Abstract
In Plato’s Euthyphro, an early response to Socrates’ question, What is holiness? defines holiness as what is loved by all the gods. Socrates responds to this proposed definition with an argument that is often misunderstood. English translations, in particular, finding it difficult to represent the argument’s distinction between finite passive constructions—‘x is loved’—and passive participial constructions—‘x is beloved’—represent the argument instead as concerned with a distinction between active and passive constructions. In this essay, I give a correct analysis of the argument, using the relation of ‘x is employed’ and ‘x is an employee’ to illustrate the relation between finite passives and passive participles. Abrams is an employee because she’s employed; it’s not the case that she’s employed because she’s an employee. In the same way, someone is beloved because he’s loved; it’s not that he’s loved because he’s beloved. It’s easy then to see how Plato’s argument follows, and easy to see what Plato intends its limits to reveal.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1163/22134417-00311p08
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 68,916
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Kierkegaard and Euthyphro.David Wisdo - 1987 - Philosophy 62 (240):221 - 226.
Polytheism and the Euthyphro.Edward P. Butler - 2016 - Walking the Worlds: A Biannual Journal of Polytheism and Spiritwork 2 (2).
Plato's Euthyphro 10 a to 11 B.Thomas D. Paxson - 1972 - Phronesis 17 (2):171 - 190.
Euthyphro's Thesis Revisited.Panos Dimas - 2006 - Phronesis 51 (1):1-28.
Achilles, Socrates, and Democracy.Richard Holway - 1994 - Political Theory 22 (4):561-590.
Socrates on the Definition of Piety.S. Marc Cohen - 1971 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 9 (1):1-13.
A Chiastic Contradiction at Euthyphro 9e1-11b5. Kim - 2004 - Phronesis 49 (3):219-224.
Five Readings of Euthyphro.Gene Fendt - 2014 - Philosophy and Literature 38 (2):495-509.
Plato's "Euthyphro".Alexander Tulin - 1990 - Dissertation, Columbia University
A Philosophical Understanding of Heidegger’s Notion of the Holy.Ben Vedder - 2005 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (1):141-154.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-04-11

Total views
15 ( #694,251 of 2,497,804 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #428,301 of 2,497,804 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes