In Andrew Fiala (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence. London, UK: Routledge. pp. 327-346 (2018)

Jennifer Kling
University of Colorado, Colorado Springs
We tend to think that mass atrocities and attempted genocides call for humanitarian intervention by other states. (Nonviolent intervention if possible, military intervention if need be.) In this chapter, I discuss these two related claims in turn. What, if anything, justifies humanitarian intervention in certain states by other states? Ought such interventions, if justified, be pacifist in nature, or is it legitimate in some cases to intervene violently? To discuss these questions, I draw primarily on principles and arguments found in just war theory, pacifism, international relations, and analytic political philosophy more generally.
Keywords humanitarian intervention  pacifism  genocide  mass atrocity  just war theory  isolationism
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