Transnational Gestational Surrogacy: Does It Have to Be Exploitative?

American Journal of Bioethics 14 (5):24-32 (2014)
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Abstract

This article explores the controversial practice of transnational gestational surrogacy and poses a provocative question: Does it have to be exploitative? Various existing models of exploitation are considered and a novel exploitation-evaluation heuristic is introduced to assist in the analysis of the potentially exploitative dimensions/elements of complex health-related practices. On the basis of application of the heuristic, I conclude that transnational gestational surrogacy, as currently practiced in low-income country settings , is exploitative of surrogate women. Arising out of consideration of the heuristic's exploitation conditions, a set of public education and enabled choice, enhanced protections, and empowerment reforms to transnational gestational surrogacy practice is proposed that, if incorporated into a national regulatory framework and actualized within a low income country, could possibly render such practice nonexploitative

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References found in this work

Exploitation.Allen W. Wood - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):136--158.
Is women's labor a commodity?Elizabeth S. Anderson - 1990 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 19 (1):71-92.

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