Over my fake body: body ownership illusions for studying the multisensory basis of own-body perception

Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9:119452 (2015)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Which is my body and how do I distinguish it from the bodies of others, or from objects in the surrounding environment? The perception of our own body and more particularly our sense of body ownership is taken for granted. Nevertheless experimental findings from body ownership illusions (BOIs), show that under specific multisensory conditions, we can experience artificial body parts or fake bodies as our own body parts or body respectively. The aim of the present paper is to discuss how and why BOIs are induced. We review several experimental findings concerning the spatial, temporal and semantic principles of crossmodal stimuli that have been applied to induce BOIs. On the basis of these principles, we discuss theoretical approaches concerning the underlying mechanism of BOIs. We propose a conceptualization based on Bayesian causal inference for addressing how our nervous system could infer whether an object belongs to our own body, using multisensory, sensorimotor and semantic information, and we discuss how this can account for several experimental findings. Finally, we point to neural network models as an implementational framework within which the computational problem behind BOIs could be addressed in the future.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,991

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

A self for the body.Frédérique de Vignemont - 2011 - Metaphilosophy 42 (3):230-247.
The missing pieces in the scientific study of bodily awareness.Lana Kühle - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (5):571-593.


Added to PP

48 (#340,493)

6 months
9 (#356,105)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile