Husserl Studies 37 (2):169-191 (2021)

Authors
Chad Kidd
City College of New York (CUNY)
Abstract
This paper demonstrates that two signature methodological concepts in Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology, the epoché and the phenomenological reduction, derive from his reflections on the history and significance of epistemological skepticism in the Western tradition. Drawing on his Lectures on Logic and Epistemology (Hua XXIV) from the Winter semester of 1906–07, it is argued that Husserl derives his conception of the fundamental task of transcendental philosophy from his reading of a novel skeptical challenge posed by David Hume’s philosophy—a kind of skeptical challenge that Husserl did not recognize in his earlier treatments of Hume. On Husserl’s revised reading, Hume promotes a certain kind of philosophical “despair” (Verzweiflung) or, as it may be called today, “quietism” as the only possible response to the traditional problems of epistemology stemming back to the ancient skeptics. Husserl’s criticism of Hume’s quietism is presented. And Husserl’s reading of Descartes’s cogito as the first decisive uncovering of the limits of epistemological skepticism in the Western tradition is shown to be the source of two key elements of Husserl’s positive alternative to Humean epistemological quietism, which ultimately become the heart of a novel conception of critical transcendental philosophy. These two key elements are the phenomenological epoché and phenomenological reduction. Husserl’s arguments are presented for the claim that these are essential parts of any epistemological program that can answer traditional skeptical challenges.
Keywords Husserl  phenomenology  transcendental  skepticism  Hume
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10743-021-09287-w
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,811
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

View all 31 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Husserl's Transcendental Idealism and the Problem of Solipsism.Rodney Parker - 2013 - Dissertation, University of Western Ontario
É O idealismo de Husserl compatível com um realismo metafísico?Pedro Santos Alves - 2016 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 21 (1):139-169.
Husserl’s Transcendental Phenomenology and the Project of Science.Agnieszka Wesołowska - 2014 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 4 (2):391-404.
Who Is the Subject of Phenomenology? Husserl and Fink on the Transcendental Ego.D. J. Hobbs - 2018 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 50 (2):154-169.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-04-23

Total views
13 ( #754,028 of 2,463,168 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #223,490 of 2,463,168 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes