Thomas Sinclair
Oxford University
Ben Kenward
Oxford Brookes University
The creation of artificial moral systems requires us to make difficult choices about which of varying human value sets should be instantiated. The industry-standard approach is to seek and encode moral consensus. Here we argue, based on evidence from empirical psychology, that encoding current moral consensus risks reinforcing current norms, and thus inhibiting moral progress. However, so do efforts to encode progressive norms. Machine ethics is thus caught between a rock and a hard place. The problem is particularly acute when progress beyond prevailing moral norms is particularly urgent, as is currently the case due to the inadequacy of prevailing moral norms in the face of the climate and ecological crisis.
Keywords Machine ethics  Artificial intelligence  Morality  Moral progress  Climate Change  Ecological collapse
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The Definition of Morality.Bernard Gert - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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