Abstract
Culturally different connotations of basic concepts challenge the comparative study of religion. Do persons in Germany or in the United States refer to the same concepts when talking about ‘spirituality’ and ‘religion’? Does it make a difference how they identify themselves? The Bielefeld-Chattanooga Cross-Cultural Study on ‘Spirituality’ includes a semantic differential approach for the comparison of self-identified “neither religious nor spiritual”, “religious”, and “spiritual” persons regarding semantic attributes attached to the concepts ‘religion’ and ‘spirituality’ in each research context. Results show that ‘spirituality’ is used as a broader concept than ‘religion’. Regarding religion, semantics attributed by self-identified religious persons differ significantly from those of the spiritual persons. The ‘spiritual’ and the ‘religious’ groups agree on semantics attributed to spirituality but differ from the ‘neither spiritual nor religious’ group. Qualifications of differences and agreements become visible from the comparison between the United States and Germany. It is argued for the semantically sensitive study of culturally situated ‘spiritualities’.
Keywords cross-cultural   religiosity   religion   semantics   spirituality   semantic differential
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DOI 10.1163/15736121-12341254
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References found in this work BETA

Stages of Faith: The Psychology of Human Development and the Quest for Meaning.James W. Fowler & Robin W. Levin - 1984 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 15 (1):89-92.
Spiritualität.[author unknown] - 1976 - Theologie Und Philosophie 51 (4):621.
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Citations of this work BETA

Conceptions of Spirituality Among the Dutch Population.Joantine Berghuijs, Jos Pieper & Cok Bakker - 2013 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 35 (3):369-397.
Beyond “Religion” and “Spirituality”.James Murphy - 2017 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 39 (1):1-26.
Posttraumatic Growth in Case of Internal Displacement.Ketevan Mosashvili & Constantin Klein - 2017 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 39 (2):118-137.

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