Blanchot and Klossowski on the Eternal Return of Nietzsche

Research in Phenomenology 48 (2):155-174 (2018)
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_ Source: _Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 155 - 174 What does it mean to say “Yes” to life? What does it mean to affirm life? What does it mean to _not_ be nihilistic? One possible answer is the appropriation of finitude. But Klossowski argues that this amounts to a “voluntarist” fatalism. Though Klossowski draws attention to the temptation of “voluntarist” fatalism on the part of Nietzsche and readers of Nietzsche, he himself is tempted by redemption, i.e., by being redeemed from the weight of responsibility. Using the very “logic” of Klossowski’s own reading of the eternal return, Blanchot will call this possibility of redemption into question. Blanchot’s reading of Nietzsche’s eternal return draws attention to that moment when death as possibility _turns into_ death as impossibility. This _weakening_ of the negative brings, according to Blanchot, _not_ redemption from the burden of responsibility, but infinite responsibility.



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