A Temperament-Attachment-Mentalization-Based (TAM) Theory of Personality and Its Disorders

Frontiers in Psychology 10 (2019)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Theories of personality and personality disorders need, from time to time, to be revised and updated according to new empirical and conceptual developments. Such development has taken place in the realms of affective neuroscience, evolution and social cognition. In this article we outline a new personality theory which claims that phenomena we usually ascribe to the concept personality are best understood by postulating a web consisting of three major constituents: Temperament (mainly primary emotions), attachment and self-consciousness (mentalizing). We describe these constituents, their neurobiological underpinnings, the subjective experiences they evoke and their behavioral implications. We discuss the relevance of the espoused theory for the field of personality disorders with references to borderline, narcissistic and avoidant personality disorders as well as the DSM-5 Alternative Model. Implications for social psychology, psychotherapy and common-sense self-understanding are outlined. The theory aims to bridge previous contradictions between natural sciences and hermeneutics by its propositions of the evolution of self-consciousness.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,479

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Personality Disorders: Moral or Medical Kinds—Or Both?Peter Zachar & Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):101-117.
Traits across cultures: A neo-Allportian perspective.Brad Piekkola - 2011 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 31 (1):2.
Attachment theory underestimates the child.Judith Rich Harris - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):30-30.
Moral nature of the dsm-IV cluster B personality disorders.Louis Charland - 2006 - Journal of Personality Disorders 20 (2):116-125.
Explaining Personality: Soul Theory versus Behavior Genetics.Jean Mercer - 2015 - In Keith Augustine & Michael Martin (eds.), The Myth of an Afterlife: The Case against Life After Death. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 69-81.
Implicit and Explicit Mentalization and its Relationship to Introspection.Giovanni Valeria - 2015 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 6 (2):272-281.
The Clinical Nature of Personality Disorders: Answering the Neo-Szaszian Critique.Peter Zachar - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (3):191-202.


Added to PP

7 (#1,045,962)

6 months
1 (#455,463)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals.Charles Darwin - 2018 - Mineola, New York: Courier Dover Publications.
Truth and Method.H. G. Gadamer - 1975 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 36 (4):487-490.
Sein und Zeit.Martin Heidegger - 1928 - Annalen der Philosophie Und Philosophischen Kritik 7:161-161.
An argument for basic emotions.Paul Ekman - 1992 - Cognition and Emotion 6 (3-4):169-200.

View all 22 references / Add more references