Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):413-419 (2013)
AbstractThe Stroop effect is composed of interference and facilitation effects. The facilitation is less stable and thus many times is referred to as a “fragile effect”. Here we suggest the facilitation effect is highly vulnerable to individual differences in control over the task conflict . We replicated previous findings of a significant correlation between stop-signal reaction time and Stroop interference, and also found a significant correlation between SSRT and the Stroop facilitation effect—participants with low inhibitory control had no facilitation effect or even a reversed one. These results shed new light on the “fragile” facilitation effect and highlight the necessity of awareness of task conflict, especially in the Stroop task
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References found in this work
Studies of Interference in Serial Verbal Reactions.J. R. Stroop - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (6):643.
An Integrative Theory of Prefrontal Cortex Function.Earl K. Miller & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2001 - Annual Review of Neuroscience 24 (1):167-202.
Conflict Monitoring and Cognitive Control.Matthew M. Botvinick, Todd S. Braver, Deanna M. Barch, Cameron S. Carter & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (3):624-652.
The Variable Nature of Cognitive Control: A Dual Mechanisms Framework.Todd S. Braver - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):106-113.
Citations of this work
Refuting the Unfolding-Argument on the Irrelevance of Causal Structure to Consciousness.Marius Usher - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 95:103212.
Task Conflict and Task Control: A Mini-Review.Ran Littman, Eldad Keha & Eyal Kalanthroff - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
Neutral Affordances: Task Conflict in the Affordances Task.Ran Littman & Eyal Kalanthroff - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 97:103262.
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