A psychological point of view: Violations of rational rules as a diagnostic of mental processes

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):681-683 (2000)
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The target article focuses exclusively on System 2 and on reasoning rationality: the ability to reach valid conclusions from available information, as in the Wason task. The decision-theoretic concept of coherence rationality requires beliefs to be consistent, even when they are assessed one at a time. Judgment heuristics belong to System 1, and help explain the incoherence of intuitive beliefs.



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