Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):497-504 (2013)

Abstract
The concept of vulnerability is deployed in bioethics to, amongst other things, identify and remedy harms to participants in research, yet although nonhuman animals in experimentation seem intuitively to be vulnerable, this concept and its attendant protections are rarely applied to research animals. I want to argue, however, that this concept is applicable to nonhuman animals and that a new taxonomy of vulnerability developed in the context of human bioethics can be applied to research animals. This taxonomy does useful explanatory work, helping to pinpoint the limitations of the 3Rs/welfare approach currently adopted in the context of animal experimentation. On this account, the 3Rs/welfare approach fails to deliver for nonhuman animals in experimentation because it effectively addresses only one element of their vulnerability (inherent) and paradoxically through the institution of Animal Ethics Committees intended to protect experimental animals in fact generates new vulnerabilities that exacerbate their already precarious situation.
Keywords Animal ethics  Vulnerability  Animal ethics committees  Animal experimentation
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DOI 10.1007/s11673-013-9473-4
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References found in this work BETA

Why Bioethics Needs a Concept of Vulnerability.Wendy Rogers, Catriona Mackenzie & Susan Dodds - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (2):11-38.
Vulnerability: What Kind of Principle is It?Michael H. Kottow - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):281-287.

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Citations of this work BETA

Chimpanzees as Vulnerable Subjects in Research.Jane Johnson & Neal D. Barnard - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):133-141.

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