Proof of the Existence of Universals—and Roman Ingarden’s Ontology

Metaphysica 10 (1):65-87 (2009)
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Abstract

The paper ends with an argument that says: necessarily, if there are finitely spatially extended particulars, then there are monadic universals. Before that, in order to characterize the distinction between particulars and universals, Roman Ingarden’s notions of existential moments and modes (ways) of being are presented, and a new pair of such existential moments is introduced: multiplicity–monadicity. Also, it is argued that there are not only real universals, but instances of universals (tropes) and fictional universals too.

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Citations of this work

Grounding in the image of causation.Jonathan Schaffer - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (1):49-100.
The Location of Properties.Nikk Effingham - 2015 - Noûs 49 (4):846-866.
No successful infinite regress.Laureano Luna - 2014 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 23 (2):189-201.

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References found in this work

On the Plurality of Worlds.David K. Lewis - 1986 - Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell.
The problems of philosophy.Bertrand Russell - 1912 - New York: Barnes & Noble.
Parts: a study in ontology.Peter M. Simons - 1987 - New York: Oxford University Press.

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