Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (1):3-23 (2016)
AbstractA series of recent debates in experimental economics have associated demand effects with the artificiality of the experimental setting and have linked it to the problem of external validity. In this paper, we argue that these associations can be misleading, partly because of the ambiguity with which “artificiality” has been defined, but also because demand effects and external validity are related in complex ways. We argue that artificiality may be directly as well as inversely correlated with demand effects. We also distinguish between the demand effects of experimentation and the reactions that they may trigger and that might endanger experimental validity. We conclude that economists should pay more attention to the way in which subjects construe the experimental task and learn to exploit subjects’ reactivity to expectations in their experiments
Similar books and articles
Experiments in the Social Sciences: The Relationship Between External and Internal Validity.Maria Jimenez-Buedo & Luis M. Miller - unknown
Reliability and External Validity of Neurobiological Experiments.Wong Muk Yan - 2013 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 27 (4):429-446.
Sociality and External Validity in Experimental Economics.Nicholas Bardsley - 2010 - Mind and Society 9 (2):119-138.
Experiments in Economics and Philosophy.James Konow, Eric Schwitzgebel, Cristina Bicchieri, Jason Dana & María Jiménez-Buedo - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (2):151-153.
The Role of Experiments in Economics: Reply to Jones.Francesco Guala - 2014 - Economics and Philosophy 30 (3):503-511.
Experimental Localism and External Validity.Francesco Guala - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1195-1205.
Experimental Economics' Inconsistent Ban on Deception.Gil Hersch - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 52:13-19.
Conditions for Value Creation in the Marketplace Through the Management of CSR Issues: A Negative External Effects Framework.Thibault Daudigeos - 2011 - Business and Society 50 (1):28-49.
Experimental Philosophy of Economics.Michiru Nagatsu - 2013 - Economics and Philosophy 29 (2):263-76.
The (Misconceived) Distinction Between Internal and External Validity.Johannes Persson & Annika Wallin - unknown
Comparative Intelligence and Intelligent Comparisons.R. Allen Gardner - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):135-136.
The Impact of Governmental Assistance on Insurance Demand Under Ambiguity: A Theoretical Model and an Experimental Test. [REVIEW]Marielle Brunette, Laure Cabantous, Stéphane Couture & Anne Stenger - 2013 - Theory and Decision 75 (2):153-174.
Experimental Practices in Economics: A Methodological Challenge for Psychologists?Ralph Hertwig & Andreas Ortmann - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):383-403.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
Two Strands of Field Experiments in Economics: A Historical-Methodological Analysis.Michiru Nagatsu & Judith Favereau - 2020 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 50 (1):45-77.
Reactivity in social scientific experiments: what is it and how is it different (and worse) than a Placebo effect?María Jiménez-Buedo - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (2):1-22.
Data quality, experimental artifacts, and the reactivity of the psychological subject matter.Uljana Feest - 2022 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 12 (1):1-25.
References found in this work
Behavioral Game Theory: Plausible Formal Models That Predict Accurately.Colin F. Camerer - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):157-158.
Rationality in Economics: Constructivist and Ecological Forms.Vernon L. Smith - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
Experimental Economics: Rethinking the Rules.Nicholas Bardsley, Robin Cubitt, Graham Loomes, Peter Moffatt, Chris Starmer & Robert Sugden - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
Microeconomic Systems as Experimental Science.Vernon Smith - 1985 - American Economic Review 72 (5):923-955.