Journal of Human Values 10 (2):111-116 (2004)

Authors
Marzenna Jakubczak
Pedagogical University of Krakow
Abstract
Self-knowledge, at first glance, seems to be naturally and easily accessible to each of us. We commonly believe that we need much less effort to understand ourselves than to understand the world. The authoress of the paper uncovers the fallacy of this popular view referring to the fundamental conceptions and philosophical ideas of the classical Yoga. She tries to demystify our deceptive self-understanding explaining the definitions of ignorance (avidya), I-am-ness (asmita), desire (raga), aversion (dvesha) and fear of death (abhinivesha) given by the author of the oldest Yoga treatise. Besides, the paper discusses briefly how we can make use of our limited, incorrect self-knowledge as far as we are aware that it needs to be transcended. In the final part of the paper, the issue of self-discipline consisting basically in cultivation of detachment and the practice of meditation is addressed.
Keywords Yoga  Samkhya  Indian Philosophy  Self-knowledge  subjectivity  Yogasutra
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DOI 10.1177/097168580401000204
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The Essentials of Indian Philosophy.M. Hiriyanna - 1951 - Philosophy 26 (98):267-269.

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