Utilitas 12 (1):97 (2000)

Utilitarianism faces a difficulty in that what are typically regarded as natural goods seem to have possible occurrences that strike most people as morally reprehensible, yet which according to the theory must be taken to add to the good in the world. Thus, totake a recent treatment of the problem by Geoffrey Scarre, it would seem that even sadistic pleasures must contribute to human happiness and thus morally offset the concomitant suffering of the victim. Scarre has offered a defence of utilitarianism, arguing that in fact such pleasures will undermine the self-respect that is required for happiness. In this paper I argue that a partial undermining is plausible but leaves the problem untouched, while a complete undermining can be established only by a stipulation that is unmotivated from a utilitarian point of view
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DOI 10.1017/s095382080000265x
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A Theory of the Good and the Right.Gilbert Harman - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 42 (1):119-139.

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Upton on Evil Pleasures.Geoffrey Scarre - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (1):106-111.

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