Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (6):223-233 (2000)
AbstractFace perception, perhaps the most highly developed visual skill in humans, is mediated by a distributed neural system in humans that is comprised of multiple, bilateral regions. We propose a model for the organization of this system that emphasizes a distinction between the representation of invariant and changeable aspects of faces. The representation of invariant aspects of faces underlies the recognition of individuals, whereas the representation of changeable aspects of faces, such as eye gaze, expression, and lip movement, underlies the perception of information that facilitates social communication. The model is also hierarchical insofar as it is divided into a core system and an extended system. The core system is comprised of occipitotemporal regions in extrastriate visual cortex that mediate the visual analysis of faces. In the core system, the representation of invariant aspects is mediated more by the face-responsive region in the fusiform gyrus, whereas the representation of changeable aspects is mediated more by the face-responsive region in the superior temporal sulcus. The extended system is comprised of regions from neural systems for other cognitive functions that can be recruited to act in concert with the regions in the core system to extract meaning from faces
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Citations of this work
The Eye Contact Effect: Mechanisms and Development.Atsushi Senju & Mark H. Johnson - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):127-134.
The Ventral Visual Pathway: An Expanded Neural Framework for the Processing of Object Quality.Dwight J. Kravitz, Kadharbatcha S. Saleem, Chris I. Baker, Leslie G. Ungerleider & Mortimer Mishkin - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (1):26-49.
Fashioning the Face: Sensorimotor Simulation Contributes to Facial Expression Recognition.Adrienne Wood, Magdalena Rychlowska, Sebastian Korb & Paula Niedenthal - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (3):227-240.
Responding to the Emotions of Others: Dissociating Forms of Empathy Through the Study of Typical and Psychiatric Populations.R. J. R. Blair - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):698-718.
Seeing Other Minds: Attributed Mental States Influence Perception.Christoph Teufel, Paul C. Fletcher & Greg Davis - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8):376-382.
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