To Name or to Describe: Shared Knowledge Affects Referential Form

Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (2):290-305 (2012)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

The notion of common ground is important for the production of referring expressions: In order for a referring expression to be felicitous, it has to be based on shared information. But determining what information is shared and what information is privileged may require gathering information from multiple sources, and constantly coordinating and updating them, which might be computationally too intensive to affect the earliest moments of production. Previous work has found that speakers produce overinformative referring expressions, which include privileged names, violating Grice’s Maxims, and concluded that this is because they do not mark the distinction between shared and privileged information. We demonstrate that speakers are in fact quite effective in marking this distinction in the form of their utterances. Nonetheless, under certain circumstances, speakers choose to overspecify privileged names

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,213

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Is There a Duty to Share Genetic Information?S. Matthew Liao - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (5):306-309.
Description-Names.Eros Corazza - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 31 (4):313-325.
On Not Forgetting the Epistemology of Names.Frank Jackson - 2007 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 74 (1):239-250.
Shared Intentions Without a Self.Michael Lewis - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):707-708.
Age Differences in Adults' Use of Referring Expressions.Petra Hendriks, Christina Englert, Ellis Wubs & John Hoeks - 2008 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (4):443-466.
On the Duties of Shared Parenting.Philip Cook - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (2):168-181.

Analytics

Added to PP
2012-03-03

Downloads
116 (#105,636)

6 months
3 (#208,938)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

References found in this work

Logic and Conversation.H. Paul Grice - 1975 - In Maite Ezcurdia & Robert J. Stainton (eds.), The Semantics-Pragmatics Boundary in Philosophy. Broadview Press. pp. 47.
Logic and Conversation.H. P. Grice - 1975 - In Donald Davidson & Gilbert Harman (eds.), The Logic of Grammar. Encino, CA: pp. 64-75.
Definite Knowledge and Mutual Knowledge.Herbert H. Clark & Catherine R. Marshall - 1981 - In Aravind K. Joshi, Bonnie L. Webber & Ivan A. Sag (eds.), Elements of Discourse Understanding. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 10–63.

View all 13 references / Add more references