Harry Heft
Denison University
In his ecological approach to perception, James Gibson introduced the concept of affordance to refer to the perceived meaning of environmental objects and events. this paper examines the relational and causal character of affordances, as well as the grounds for extending affordances beyond environmental features with transcultural meaning to include those features with culturally-specific meaning. such an extension is seen as warranted once affordances are grounded in an intentional analysis of perception. toward this end, aspects of merleau-ponty's treatment of perception are explored. finally, a resolution of the apparent tension between the relational and perceiver-independent nature of affordances is presented.
Keywords Metaphysics perception visual ecology
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DOI 10.1111/j.1468-5914.1989.tb00133.x
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References found in this work BETA

Art as Experience.John Dewey - 1934 - G. Allen & Unwin.
Knowing and the Known.John Dewey - 1950 - Greenwood Press.
The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology.John Dewey - 1896 - Psychological Review 3:357-370.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Dynamical Hypothesis in Cognitive Science.Tim van Gelder - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):615-28.
Distal Engagement: Intentions in Perception.Nick Brancazio & Miguel Segundo Ortin - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 79 (March 2020).
Affordances and the Musically Extended Mind.Joel Krueger - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4:1-12.
How Do Technological Artefacts Embody Moral Values?Michael Klenk - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (3):525-544.

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