Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 46 (6):656-683 (2021)

Medical ethics would be better if people were taught to think more clearly about well-being or the concept of what is good for a person. Yet for a variety of reasons, bioethicists have generally paid little attention to this concept. Here, I argue, first, that focusing on general theories of welfare is not useful for practical medical ethics. I argue, second, for what I call the “theory-without-theories approach” to welfare in practical contexts. The first element of this approach is a focus on examining important and relatively uncontroversial constituents of welfare as opposed to general theories. The second key element is a framework for thinking about choice in relation to welfare, a framework I refer to as “the mild objectivity framework.” I conclude with illustrations of the way in which the “theory without theories approach” can improve thinking in medicine.
Keywords well-being, welfare, best interests, quality of life, decision-making, bioethics, medical ethics, teaching bioethics, teaching medical ethics, relation of theory to practice  well-being  welfare  best interests  quality of life  medical decision-making  bioethics  medical ethics  teaching bioethics  teaching medical ethics  relation of theory to practice
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DOI 10.1093/jmp/jhab028
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References found in this work BETA

Thinking, Fast and Slow.Daniel Kahneman - 2011 - New York: New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics.L. W. Sumner - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
A Philosophy for the Science of Well-Being.Anna Alexandrova - 2017 - New York: Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Well-Being and Health.Richard Kim & Daniel M. Haybron - 2021 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 46 (6):645-655.

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