Urban Planning 6 (3):58-68 (2021)
AbstractSince the 1860s, petroleum companies, through their influence on local governments, port authorities, international actors and the general public gradually became more dominant in shaping the urban form of ports and cities. Under their development and pressure, the relationships between industrial and urban areas in port cities hosting oil facilities evolved in time. The borders limiting industrial and housing territories have continuously changed with industrial places moving progressively away from urban areas. Such a changing dynamic influenced the permeability of these borders. Port cities are nodes and logistic points where various flows of commodities, wealth, and knowledge gathered before further re‐distribution. These flows affected port cities by changing their spatial organization and the availabiity of space between borders. The main question here is: How did industrial and urban borders evolve through time in port cities? Through a historical analysis, the article explores the settlements of oil facilities and the influence of oil companies over local, regional, and national governments in creating borders and how it influenced the porosity of port cities. This article, through the petroleum narrative, illustrates the impacts of past borders on the contemporary urban form through the evolution of the French port city of Dunkirk, in the North of France. As a historical study, the article analyzes the changing relationships between petroleum industrial sites and housing areas in the city of Dunkirk, using aerial pictures, archival sources, and regulations of different periods. The importance of this analysis lies in knowing that former oil sites previously located on the periphery of Dunkirk, that were forgotten by the authorities are now located within the current urban tissue. This process demonstrates the importance of historical developments to understand current challenges in the urban planning of industrial port cities.
Similar books and articles
Against Borders: Why the World Needs Free Movement of People.Alex Sager - 2020 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
The Politics of Borders: Sovereignty, Security, and the Citizen After 9/11.Matthew Longo - 2017 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Energy Justice Across Borders.Gunter Bombaerts, Kirsten Jenkins, Yekeen A. Sanusi & Wang Guoyu (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
Introduction.Alia Al-Saji & Andrew Cutrofello - 2018 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 32 (3):325-330.
At the Borders of Citizenship: A Democracy in Translation?Etienne Balibar - 2010 - European Journal of Social Theory 13 (3):315-322.
Expanding Ethics Justice Across Borders: The Role of Global Philosophy.Gunter Bombaerts, Kirsten Jenkins, Yekeen A. Sanusi & Wang Guoyu - 2020 - In Gunter Bombaerts, Kirsten Jenkins, Yekeen A. Sanusi & Wang Guoyu (eds.), Energy Justice Across Borders. Springer Verlag. pp. 3-21.
Experts, Refugees, and Radicals: Borders and Orders in the Hotspot of Crisis.Anna Carastathis & Myrto Tsilimpounidi - 2018 - Theory in Action 11 (4):1-21.
An Infused Dialogue, Part 1: Borders, Fusions, Influence.Nancy Tuana & Charles Scott - 2016 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 30 (1):1-14.
Liberal Egalitarian Arguments for Closed Borders: Some Preliminary Critical Reflections.Arash Abizadeh - 2006 - Ethics & Economics 4 (1).
Do Duties to Outsiders Entail Open Borders? A Reply to Wellman.Shelley Wilcox - 2012 - Philosophical Studies (1):1-10.
Do Duties to Outsiders Entail Open Borders? A Reply to Wellman.Shelley Wilcox - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 169 (1):123-132.
Borders and Bordering: Towards an Interdisciplinary Dialogue.David Newman - 2006 - European Journal of Social Theory 9 (2):171-186.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
LA FUTURA EREDITÀ ENERGETICA NEL GOLFO PERSICO E NEL MAR CINESE MERIDIONALE: IL CASO DEL PATRIMONIO PETROLIFERO IN IRAN E MALESIA.Asma Mehan & Rowena Abdul Razak - 2022 - Labor Est 1 (24):57-63.
References found in this work
No references found.