Rule Utilitarianism, Equality, and Justice

Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (2):115-127 (1985)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Utilitarianism and the Concept of Social UtilityIn this paper I propose to discuss the concepts ofequalityandjusticefrom a rule utilitarian point of view, after some comments on the rule utilitarian point of view itself.Let me start with the standard definitions.Act utilitarianismis the theory that a morally right action is one that in the existing situation will produce the highest expected social utility. (I am using the adjective “expected” in the sense of mathematical expectation.) In contrast,rule utilitarianismis the theory that a morally right action is simply an action conforming to the correct moral rule applicable to the existing situation. The correct moral rule itself is that particular behavioral rule that would yield the highest expected social utility if it were followed by all morally motivated people in all similar situations.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,197

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Harsanyi’s critical rule utilitarianism.Richard J. Stefanik - 1981 - Theory and Decision 13 (1):71-80.
Rule Utilitarianism and Cumulative-Effect Utilitarianism.Jonathan Harrison - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (sup1):21-45.
Is Mill a Rule-utilitarian?Peilun Zhang - 1999 - Philosophy and Culture 26 (7):632-647.
Rules and Right in Mill.Piers Norris Turner - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (4):723-745.
Utilitarian alternatives to act utilitarianism.Sanford S. Levy - 1997 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78 (1):93–112.
Two Concepts of Rule Utilitarianism.Rex Martin - 2008 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 5 (2):227-255.
Introducing Variable-Rate Rule-Utilitarianism.Michael Ridge - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (223):242 - 253.
Mill’s Moral Standard.Ben Eggleston - 2016 - In Christopher Macleod & Dale E. Miller (eds.), A Companion to Mill. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. pp. 358-373.
Rule utilitarianism and decision theory.JohnC Harsanyi - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):25 - 53.
Rule Consequentialism and the Problem of Partial Acceptance.Kevin Tobia - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):643-652.
A Theory of Just War: A Philosophical and Historical Analysis.Andrew John Boyd - 1999 - Dissertation, Loyola University of Chicago

Analytics

Added to PP
2010-08-31

Downloads
339 (#60,390)

6 months
19 (#137,612)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

Justice, emotions, socially disruptive technologies.Benedetta Giovanola - 2023 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 26 (1):104-119.
Unauthorized humanitarian intervention.Mark S. Stein - 2004 - Social Philosophy and Policy 21 (1):14-38.
Hume on Justice.Rosalind Hursthouse - 2009 - In Charles R. Pigden (ed.), Hume on Motivation and Virtue. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 264.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Anarchy, State, and Utopia.Robert Nozick - 1974 - Philosophy 52 (199):102-105.
Principia Ethica.George Edward Moore - 1903 - International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):377-382.
Rule utilitarianism and decision theory.JohnC Harsanyi - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):25 - 53.
Morality and Utility.Jan Narveson - 1971 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 25 (1):145-148.

View all 6 references / Add more references