Abstract
Mental and neural states are related to one another by vertical interlevel relations and by horizontal intralevel relations. For particular choices of such relations, problems arise if causal efficacy is ascribed to mental states. In a series of influential papers and books, Kim has presented his much discussed “supervenience argument,” which ultimately amounts to the dilemma that mental states either are causally inefficacious or they hold the threat of overdetermining neural states. Forced by this disjunction, Kim votes in favor of overdetermination and, ultimately, reduction. We propose a perspective on mental causation that dissolves the assumption of a tension between horizontal and vertical determination. For mental states to be causally efficacious, they must be dynamically stable. This important requirement can be implemented by combining a key idea of supervenience, multiple realization, with the recently introduced vertical interlevel relation of contextual emergence. Both together deflate Kim's dilemma and reflate the causal efficacy of mental states. 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
Keywords contextual emergence   mental causation   multiple realization   overdetermination   supervenience
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DOI 10.1037/a0027157
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References found in this work BETA

Physicalism, or Something Near Enough.Jaegwon Kim - 2005 - Princeton University Press.
Sensations and Brain Processes.Jjc Smart - 1959 - Philosophical Review 68 (April):141-56.
The Concept of Mind.Gilbert Ryle - 1949 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 141:125-126.

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Citations of this work BETA

Two Challenges for a Boolean Approach to Constitutive Inference.Jens Harbecke - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (1):17.
A Contextualist Approach to Emergence.Esteban Céspedes - 2020 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 24 (1):89-119.
On Contextual and Ontological Aspects of Emergence and Reduction.Esteban Céspedes - 2020 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 32:40-73.

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