Fairness, fast and slow: A review of dual process models of fairness

Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 89:49-60 (2018)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Fairness, the notion that people deserve or have rights to certain resources or kinds of treatment, is a fundamental dimension of moral cognition. Drawing on recent evidence from economics, psychology, and neuroscience, we ask whether self-interest is always intuitive, requiring self-control to override with reasoning-based fairness concerns, or whether fairness itself can be intuitive. While we find strong support for rejecting the notion that self-interest is always intuitive, the literature has reached conflicting conclusions about the neurocognitive systems underpinning fairness. We propose that this disagreement can largely be resolved in light of an extended Social Heuristics Hypothesis. Divergent findings may be attributed to the interpretation of behavioral effects of ego depletion or neurostimulation, reverse inference from brain activity to the underlying psychological process, and insensitivity to social context and inter-individual differences. To better dissect the neurobiological basis of fairness, we outline how future research should embrace cross-disciplinary methods that combine psychological manipulations with neuroimaging, and that can probe inter-individual, and cultural heterogeneities.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 86,168

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

On Fairness and Claims.Patrick Tomlin - 2012 - Utilitas 24 (2):200-213.
Disagreement about Fairness.Christopher McMahon - 2010 - Philosophical Topics 38 (2):91-110.
Fairness between competing claims.Ben Saunders - 2010 - Res Publica 16 (1):41-55.
Family fairness.Edna Ullmann-Margalit - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (2):575-596.
Fairness.Brad Hooker - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (4):329 - 352.
Fairness in hierarchical and entrepreneurial firms.Michael K. Green - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (11):877-882.
Fairness and Aggregation.A. C. Paseau & Ben Saunders - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (4):460-469.
Fairness as Justice.Anthony de Jasay - 2006 - Analyse & Kritik 28 (1):13-31.
Fairness in the selection of employees.Richard D. Arvey & Gary L. Renz - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (5-6):331-340.
Fairness and Philosophy.Alan Ryan - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73:597-606.


Added to PP

32 (#411,477)

6 months
5 (#190,647)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?