Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 13 (24):1-14 (2019)

Mihretu P. Guta
Biola University
Matthew Owen
Yakima Valley College
Neural correlates of consciousness (for brevity NCC) are foundational to the scientific study of consciousness. Chalmers (2000) has provided the most informative and influential definition of NCC, according to which neural correlates are minimally sufficient for consciousness. However, the sense of sufficiency needs further clarification since there are several relevant senses with different entailments. In section one of this article, we give an overview of the desiderata for a good definition of NCC and Chalmers’s definition. The second section analyses the merit of understanding the sufficiency of neural correlates for corresponding consciousness according to three relevant types of sufficiency: logical, metaphysical, and physical. In section three, a theoretical approach to consciousness studies is suggested in light of the sense in which NCC are sufficient for consciousness. Section four addresses a concern some might have about this approach. By the end, it will become apparent that our conception of NCC has important implications for research methodology, neuroethics, and the vitality of the search for NCC.
Keywords neural correlate of consciousness (NCC)   consciousness  theoretical approaches  sufficiency  unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS)  Alzheimer’s disease  brain organoids
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 69,959
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Depression as a Disorder of Consciousness.Cecily Whiteley - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Are There Neural Correlates of Consciousness?A. Noe & E. Thompson - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (1):3-28.
Are There Neural Correlates of Consciousness?Alva Noë & Evan Thompson - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (1):3-28.
Why the Neural Correlates of Consciousness Cannot Be Found.Bernard Molyneux - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (9-10):168-188.
Neural Correlates of Consciousness Reconsidered.Joseph Neisser - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):681-690.
The Search for Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Jakob Hohwy - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (3):461–474.


Added to PP index

Total views
60 ( #189,948 of 2,504,817 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #277,627 of 2,504,817 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes