Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2019)

Authors
Ghislain Guigon
University of Geneva (PhD)
Abstract
‘Nominalism’ refers to a family of views about what there is. The objects we are familiar with (e.g. hands, laptops, cookies, and trees) can be characterized as concrete and particular. Nominalists agree that there are such things. But one group of nominalists denies that anything is non-particular and another group denies that anything is non-concrete. These two sorts of nominalism, referred to as ‘nominalism about universals’ and ‘nominalism about abstract objects’, have common motivations in contemporary philosophy.
Keywords Metaphysics  Nominalism  Properties  Abstract Objects  Universals  Ontology
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