Archives de Philosophie 73 (4):615-629 (2010)

Authors
Vincent Guillin
Université du Québec à Montreal
Abstract
Dans le cadre de son analyse de la biopolitique, Michel Foucault avance que le développement de ce mode de contrôle sur la vie est contemporain de celui de l’utilitarisme et du libéralisme et qu’il a trouvé dans ces nouveaux cadres de la rationalité politique une caution théorique. Pour mettre en évidence la nature exacte des rapports entre biopolitique, utilitarisme et libéralisme, il est utile de s’intéresser à un épisode de l’histoire de la santé publique anglaise, à savoir la campagne pour l’abrogation des Contagious Diseases Acts à la fin des années 1860. On essaiera de montrer comment, dans les objections qu’il adresse à ces dispositions, l’utilitariste libéral John Stuart Mill a articulé motifs utilitaires et motifs libéraux quand s’est posée la question du rapport entre libertés individuelles et bien-être social.In the course of his analysis of biopolitics, Michel Foucault maintains that the development of this new mode of control over life is contemporaneous with the rise of utilitarianism and liberalism and that biopolitics found in these new frameworks of political rationality a theoretical rationale. In order to show the exact nature of the relations between biopolitics, utilitarianism and liberalism, it is useful to consider one episode in the history of English public health, namely the campaign for the abrogation of the Contagious Diseases Acts at the end of the 1860s. I will try to show how, in the objections he addressed to these provisions, John Stuart Mill has articulated utilitarian and liberal tenets when the issue of the relations between the freedom of individuals and social well being was raised
Keywords Biopolitique   Utilitarisme   Libéralisme   Contagious Diseases Acts   Michel Foucault   John Stuart Mill
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