Philosophy of Science, Network Theory, and Conceptual Change: Paradigm Shifts as Information Cascades

In Euel Elliot & L. Douglas Kiel (eds.), Complex Systems in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: Theory, Method, and Application. University of Michigan Press (forthcoming)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Philosophers have long tried to understand scientific change in terms of a dynamics of revision within ‘theoretical frameworks,’ ‘disciplinary matrices,’ ‘scientific paradigms’ or ‘conceptual schemes.’ No-one, however, has made clear precisely how one might model such a conceptual scheme, nor what form change dynamics within such a structure could be expected to take. In this paper we take some first steps in applying network theory to the issue, modeling conceptual schemes as simple networks and the dynamics of change as cascades on those networks. The results allow a new understanding of two traditional approaches—Popper and Kuhn—as well as introducing the intriguing prospect of viewing scientific change using the metaphor of selforganizing criticality.

Links

PhilArchive

External links

  • This entry has no external links. Add one.
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Empiricism, perception and conceptual change.Cliff A. Hooker - 1973 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 3 (September):59-74.
Notes toward an analysis of conceptual change.Mark Bevir - 2003 - Social Epistemology 17 (1):55 – 63.
Information Dynamics across Linked Sub-Networks: Germs, Genes, and Memes.Patrick Grim, Daniel J. Singer, Christopher Reade & Stephen Fisher - 2011 - In Proceedings, AAAI Fall Symposium on Complex Adaptive Systems: Energy, Information and Intelligence. AAAI Press.
Concepts in change.Anna-Mari Rusanen & Samuli Pöyhönen - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (6):1389–1403.
Reconstruction of Scientific Theory Change.Rinat M. Nugayev & Christian Suhm - 1997 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (1):206-210.

Analytics

Added to PP
2021-03-19

Downloads
133 (#96,057)

6 months
32 (#40,095)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Patrick Grim
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Fact, Fiction, and Forecast.Nelson Goodman - 1955 - Harvard University Press.
From a Logical Point of View.W. V. O. Quine - 1953 - Harvard University Press.
Conjectures and Refutations.K. Popper - 1963 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 21 (3):431-434.
The Web of Belief.W. V. Quine & J. S. Ullian - 1970 - New York: Random House.

View all 17 references / Add more references