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This paper aims to argue for, else illustrate the epistemological significance of the use of non transitive similarity relations, mapping only to "types", as methodologically being on a par with the use of transitive similarity relations (equivalence relations), mapping as well to "predicates". In this paper the sketch of an exact but simple geometrical model of the above construct is followed by mentioning respective use cases for non transitive similarity relations from science and humanities. A well known metaphysics example is elaborated along these lines to some extent.
Keywords type vs. predicate  similarity (comparative, by degree)  similarity (transitive, non transitive)  similarity model  similarity measure  taxonomy  universals and particulars  Plato’s theory of forms  Aristotle  abstract objects  participation
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References found in this work BETA

The New Riddle of Induction.Nelson Goodman - 2011 - In Robert B. Talisse & Scott F. Aikin (eds.), The Pragmatism Reader: From Peirce Through the Present. Princeton University Press. pp. 188-201.
First-Order Logics for Comparative Similarity.Timothy Williamson - 1988 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 29 (4):457-481.

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