Oxford University Press (2021)

Authors
Marc Gasser-Wingate
Boston University
Abstract
Aristotle is famous for thinking that all our knowledge comes from perception. But it's not immediately clear what this view is meant to entail. It's not clear, for instance, what perception is supposed to contribute to the more advanced forms of knowledge that derive from it. Nor is it clear how we should understand the nature of its contribution—what it might mean to say that these more advanced forms of knowledge are "derived from" or "based on" what we perceive. Aristotle is often thought to have disappointingly little to say on these matters. I argue here that this thought is mistaken: a coherent and philosophically attractive view of perceptual knowledge can be found in the various texts in which Aristotle discusses perception's role in animal life, the cognitive resources on which it does and does not depend, and the relation it bears to practical and theoretical modes of understanding. This book offers a sustained examination of these discussions and their epistemological, psychological, and ethical implications. It defends an interpretation of Aristotle as a moderate sort of empiricist, who thinks that we can develop sophisticated forms of knowledge by broadly perceptual means—and that we therefore share an important part of our cognitive lives with nonrational animals—but also holds that our intellectual powers allow us to surpass these animals in certain ways and thereby develop distinctively human forms of understanding.
Keywords Aristotle  empiricism  learning  perception  knowledge
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2021
Buy this book $52.98 new (28% off)   $59.41 from Amazon (20% off)   $68.46 used (7% off)   Amazon page
ISBN(s) 0197567452   9780197567456
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,811
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans - 1982 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Aristotle's First Principles.Terence Irwin - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
Ethics with Aristotle.Sarah Broadie - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
Aristotle on Teleology.Monte Ransome Johnson - 2008 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.

View all 61 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Conviction, Priority, and Rationalism in Aristotle's Epistemology.Marc Gasser-Wingate - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (1):1-27.
Empedocles on Sensation, Perception, and Thought.Patricia Curd - 2016 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 19 (1):38-57.
Aristotle on the Perception of Universals.Marc Gasser-Wingate - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (3):446-467.
Perception, Empiricism, and Pragmatist Realism.Serge Grigoriev - 2011 - Contemporary Pragmatism 8 (1):191-210.
Empirismo, conocimiento previo e inducción en Aristóteles, an. post. A 1.Fabián Mié - 2010 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 31 (2):243-284.
Aristotle on Knowledge of Nature.Edward Halper - 1984 - Review of Metaphysics 37 (4):811 - 835.
Aristotle on Perception.Stephen Everson - 1996 - Oxford University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-03-05

Total views
17 ( #622,708 of 2,463,233 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
5 ( #144,340 of 2,463,233 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes