Interpretation 8 (4):T981-T990 (2020)

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Abstract
The Chang 7 oil layer from the upper Triassic Yanchang Formation is an important layer for hydrocarbon exploration. Most studies on the Chang 7 oil layer have focused on the source rocks, while research on the sandstone is still inadequate, especially on the petrography and geochemical characteristics. Using seven sandstone samples of the Chang 7 oil layer in the Yanhe profile, the grain-size analysis, major elements, trace elements, and rare earth elements were tested. The results find that the sandstone of fine-grained sediments of the Chang 7 oil layer is dominated by arkose with a minor number of lithic arkose. The range of grain size is from 2.72 to 3.92 Φ, and the C value and M value of the sandstone samples suggest characteristics of turbidity deposition. The Al/Si ratios of all of the samples imply high clay mineral content. The results of trace and rare earth elements demonstrate the reducing condition, freshwater, and cold and dry weather. The provenance of the sandstone samples is mainly from island arc acidic volcanic rock, and the type of provenance is mixed with sedimentary rock, granite, and alkaline basalt. The tectonic background is continental island arc. This study provides a systematic geologic foundation for the formation of sandstone of Chang 7 oil layer in Ordos Basin.
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DOI 10.1190/int-2019-0158.1
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