Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):158-168 (2004)

Seamon, Luo, and Gallo reported evidence that nonconscious processes could produce false recognition in a converging-associates task, whereby subjects falsely remember a nonstudied lure after studying a list of related words . Zeelenberg, Plomp, and Raaijmakers failed to observe this false recognition effect when list word recognition was at chance. We critically evaluate the evidence for nonsconscious processing and report the results of a new experiment designed to overcome previous methodological limitations. Consistent with Seamon et al., we found that conscious activation of a related lure during study was not necessary for its subsequent recognition; consistent with Zeelenberg et al., we found no evidence for recognition of related lures under conditions where there was no memory for studied words. It is currently unknown whether conscious recollection of the studied items is necessary for false recognition or if nonconscious activation of the lure is sufficient
Keywords *Cognitive Processes  *False Memory  Word Recognition
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DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2003.09.001
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References found in this work BETA

An Illusion of Memory: False Recognition Influenced by Unconscious Perception.Larry L. Jacoby & Kevin Whitehouse - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (2):126-135.
False Recognition Produced by Implicit Verbal Responses.Benton J. Underwood - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (1):122.
Awareness, False Recognition, and the Jacoby-Whitehouse Effect.Ira H. Bernstein & Kenneth R. Welch - 1991 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 120 (3):324-328.

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