Zerstreuung, Verschliessung, Hingabe. Zur Figur des Transzendierens bei Jan Patočka

Labyrinth: An International Journal for Philosophy, Value Theory and Sociocultural Hermeneutics 19 (1):48-70 (2017)
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Abstract

To get distracted, to enclose and to give oneself. The Gesture of Transcendence in Jan Patočka The problem of transcendence can be traced throughout the whole work of Jan Patočka. The appeal to transcend our bonds to mere objectivity is a constant issue of his thought. It finds a new substantiation in the 1960s in his studies focusing on the meaning of the other as human being. The relation to the other person offers a special "occasion" or "place" of transcendence and poses the challenge to transcend one's own particular setting. While in the mid-1960s Patočka maintains his earlier dramatic vocabulary to describe the process of transcendence, in the late 1960s his idiom becomes less vehement. Yet, it is precisely within this more "sober" framework that he symbolizes the process of transcendence with an emphatic turn to a "myth of the divine man" and its key metaphor of resurrection. To transcend means, for Patočka, always to liberate oneself from a state of self-distraction between things. However, in his late lectures, he briefly refers to a deeper layer, suggesting that this self-distraction has its "roots" in a self-enclosure or self-isolation, in the exclusive concentration on our own interests and in the illusion of our self-sufficiency. Transcendence, then, means to overcome this self-enclosure by means of a self-forgetting love. Are these rarely mentioned "roots" perhaps implicitly present in all Patočka's accounts of transcendence?

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References found in this work

Vom Wesen des Grundes.Martin Heidegger - 1929 - Annalen der Philosophie Und Philosophischen Kritik 8:110-110.
Studie k pojmu světa.Jan Patocka - 2011 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 40:75-97.
Existe-t-il un canon définitif de la vie philosophique?Jan Patočka - 1937 - Travaux du IXe Congrès International de Philosophie 10:186-189.
Vom Wesen des Grundes.Heidegger Martin - 1976 - In . Vittorio Klostermann. pp. 123-175.

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