Argumentation 19 (3):331-346 (2005)

Relevance of premises to conclusion can be explicated through Toulmin’s notion of warrant, understood as an inference rule, albeit not necessarily formal. A normative notion of relevance requires the warrant to be reliable. To determine reliability, we propose a fourfold classification of warrants into a priori, empirical, institutional, and evaluative, with further subdivisions possible. This classification has its ancestry in classical rhetoric and recent epistemology. Distinctive to each type of warrant is the mode by which such connections are intuitively discovered and the grounds on which we ultimately justify them. The classification of warrants is thus epistemic. We illustrate the difference by contrasting empirical physical with institutional intuition, and argue for the advantages of this approach over Toulmin’s conception of field dependence.
Keywords backing  intuition  presumptive reliability  relevance  reliability  warrant
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10503-005-4420-0
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,316
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language.John Rogers Searle - 1969 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
The Uses of Argument.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1958 - Cambridge University Press.
Testimony: A Philosophical Study.C. A. J. Coady - 1992 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language.William P. Alston - 1970 - Philosophical Quarterly 20 (79):172-179.
Speech Acts.J. Searle - 1969 - Foundations of Language 11 (3):433-446.

View all 16 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Some Reflections on the Informal Logic Initiative.Ralph H. Johnson - 2009 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 16 (29).

View all 18 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Premissary Relevance.J. Anthony Blair - 1992 - Argumentation 6 (2):203-217.
On a Proposed Revolution in Logic.Hector Neri Castaneda - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (3):279-292.
Externalism, Architecturalism, and Epistemic Warrant.Martin Davies - 1998 - In Crispin Wright, Barry C. Smith & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Knowing Our Own Minds. Oxford University Press. pp. 321-363.
Cognitive Faculties and Evolutionary Naturalism.Bernardo Cantens - 2006 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 80:201-208.
Good Reasoning on the Toulmin Model.David Hitchcock - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (3):373-391.
Kitcher, Mathematical Intuition, and Experience.Mark McEvoy - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):227-237.
Philosophical Intuitions.Mark Fedyk - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (2):54-80.


Added to PP index

Total views
38 ( #300,885 of 2,519,441 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #407,861 of 2,519,441 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes