The author of the Book of James names four exemplars in the course of his work. These serve specific functions within their individual contexts in the composition; Abraham and Rahab as exemplars of a vital active faith, Job as an exemplar of steadfast endurance, and Elijah as an exemplar of effective prayer. This thesis explores the wider stories of the exemplars in the Hebrew Bible, traces their development in elements of early Jewish tradition, and compares the author’s use of the exemplars with that of other New Testament writers. It argues that, the author of the Book of James uses the exemplars collectively as a means to encourage his messianic audience to remain faithful to God in the trials of everyday life until the imminent Parousia of the Lord. The four exemplars share three characteristics that will aid the audience in their daily struggles: they were all tested to the limit, yet demonstrated their whole-hearted commitment to God by remaining faithful to him; they were all outsiders who rejected the wisdom (values) of the world and they all faced their life-defining trials reliant on God rather than on other human beings
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 70,163
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature.Erich Auerbach & Willard R. Trask - 1954 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 12 (4):526-527.
[Lord Samuel's Speech at Lord Halsbury's Reception].[author unknown] - 1959 - Philosophy 34 (131):377-379.
Philo of Alexandria: An Introduction.Samuel Sandmel - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
Philo of Alexandria.Louis H. Feldman & Samuel Sandmel - 1980 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 100 (2):197.

View all 21 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Perceived Personality of Moral Exemplars.Lawrence J. Walker - 1999 - Journal of Moral Education 28 (2):145-162.
Morality, Religion, Spirituality—the Value of Saintliness.Lawrence J. Walker - 2003 - Journal of Moral Education 32 (4):373-384.
Stories, Exemplars, and Freedom.Keith Lehrer - 2011 - Social Theory and Practice 37 (1):1-17.
Exemplarist Virtue Theory.Linda Zagzebski - 2010 - Metaphilosophy 41 (1-2):41-57.


Added to PP index

Total views
34 ( #335,209 of 2,507,018 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #417,155 of 2,507,018 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes