The most eminent exponents of the ontological argument for the existence of God have been characterized as well by a common emotional ingredient — a concern with individual guilt. Anselm, Josiah Royce, Karl Barth, and Norman Malcolm in their respective ways have made the experience of guilt a central one in their metaphysical standpoints. The hypothesis is therefore advanced that the validity which such thinkers have found in the ontological argument is the expression of a frame of mind which we can call 'logical masochism'; under the influence of such emotions, the ontologian bows his logical powers submissively before an entity the existence of which he cannot question because of the guilt that such questioning would arouse. Under such social circumstances, on the other hand, as during the eighteenth century, when the psychology of individual guilt subsided, the appeal of the ontological argument likewise declines.
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DOI 10.1080/00201746808601529
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References found in this work BETA

The Problem of Christianity.Josiah Royce - 1914 - Duke University Press.
The Ontological Proof Revisited.Nicholas Rescher - 1959 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):138 – 148.
Sens Et Nature de l'Argument de Saint Anselme.E. Gilson - 1934 - Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Âge 9.

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I. Feuer on Guilt and Logic.E. D. Watt - 1969 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 12 (1-4):427-430.

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