Patenting Foundational Technologies: Lessons From CRISPR and Other Core Biotechnologies

American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):36-48 (2018)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

In 2012, a new and promising gene manipulation technique, CRISPR-Cas9, was announced that seems likely to be a foundational technique in health care and agriculture. However, patents have been granted. As with other technological developments, there are concerns of social justice regarding inequalities in access. Given the technologies’ “foundational” nature and societal impact, it is vital for such concerns to be translated into workable recommendations for policymakers and legislators. Colin Farrelly has proposed a moral justification for the use of patents to speed up the arrival of technology by encouraging innovation and investment. While sympathetic to his argument, this article highlights a number of problems. By examining the role of patents in CRISPR and in two previous foundational technologies, we make some recommendations for realistic and workable guidelines for patenting and licensing.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,509

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

“Editing”: A Productive Metaphor for Regulating CRISPR.Ben Merriman - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):62-64.
Germline Manipulation and Our Future Worlds.John Harris - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):30-34.
CRISPR Critters and CRISPR Cracks.R. Alta Charo & Henry T. Greely - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (12):11-17.
Brains, Trains and Automobiles: An Editorial.Anthony Mark Cutter & Bert Gordijn - 2008 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 2 (1).
A Use/Disuse Paradigm for CRISPR-Cas Systems.Sophie Veigl - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (1):13.
Protecting Humanity Habermas and His Critics on the Ethics of Emerging Biotechnologies.Matti Hayry - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (2):211-222.
Is CRISPR an Ethical Game Changer?Marcus Schultz-Bergin - 2018 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (2):219-238.

Analytics

Added to PP
2018-12-19

Downloads
22 (#515,967)

6 months
1 (#417,896)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Sigrid Sterckx
University of Ghent
Lisa Diependaele
University of Ghent

Citations of this work

The Human Right to Science and Foundational Technologies.Andrea Boggio & Calvin W. L. Ho - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):69-71.
Gene Patents and the Social Justice Lens.Colin Farrelly - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):49-51.
Foundational Technologies and Legal Realities.Andreas Kuersten - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):65-67.
Foundational Technologies and Accountability.Stephen Hilgartner - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):63-65.

View all 11 citations / Add more citations