Cognition 152 (C):101-107 (2016)
AbstractHuman development takes place in a social context. Two pervasive sources of social information are faces and hands. Here, we provide the first report of the visual frequency of faces and hands in the everyday scenes available to infants. These scenes were collected by having infants wear head cameras during unconstrained everyday activities. Our corpus of 143 hours of infant-perspective scenes, collected from 34 infants aged 1 month to 2 years, was sampled for analysis at 1/5 Hz. The major finding from this corpus is that the faces and hands of social partners are not equally available throughout the first two years of life. Instead, there is an earlier period of dense face input and a later period of dense hand input. At all ages, hands in these scenes were primarily in contact with objects and the spatio-temporal co-occurrence of hands and faces was greater than expected by chance. The orderliness of the shift from faces to hands suggests a principled transition in the contents of visual experiences and is discussed in terms of the role of developmental gates on the timing and statistics of visual experiences.
Similar books and articles
The Dogmatists and Wright on Moore’s “Proof”.Mark McBride - 2012 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 2 (1):1-20.
Effects of some variations in auditory input upon visual choice reaction time.Ira H. Bernstein & Barry A. Edelstein - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):241.
Strength of visual percept generated by famous faces perceived without awareness: Effects of affective valence, response latency, and visual field☆.Anna Stone & Tim Valentine - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):548-564.
The Measure of Perceived Similarity Between Faces: Old Issues for a New Method.Ludovica Lorusso, Luca Pulina & Enrico Grosso - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (2):317-339.
Effects of Visual Information on Adults' and Infants' Auditory Statistical Learning.Erik D. Thiessen - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (6):1093-1106.
Visual search for emotional faces in children.Allison M. Waters & Ottmar V. Lipp - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1306-1326.
Visual search for schematic emotional faces: Angry faces are more than crosses.Daina S. E. Dickins & Ottmar V. Lipp - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (1):98-114.
To Cognize is to Categorize: Cognition is Categorization.Stevan Harnad - 2005 - In C. Lefebvre & H. Cohen (eds.), Handbook of Categorization. Elsevier.
Mode of input effects on subject-controlled processes.Carl E. McFarland & George Kellas - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (2):343.
Seeing becoming drawing: the interplay of eyes, hands and surfaces in the drawings of Pierre Bonnard.Michael Phillipson & Chris Fisher - 1999 - In Ian Heywood & Barry Sandywell (eds.), Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Visual. Routledge. pp. 123--142.
More hands and new faces at the CPTS.[author unknown] - 1996 - Ends and Means 1 (1).
Perceptual acceleration of objects in stream: Evidence from flash-lag displays.T. Bachmann - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (2):279-297.
From unconscious to conscious perception: Emotionally expressive faces and visual awareness.John D. Eastwood - 2003
Brain, conscious experience, and the observing self.Bernard J. Baars, Thomas Zoega Ramsoy & Steven Laureys - 2003 - Trends in Neurosciences 26 (12):671-5.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
From faces to hands: Changing visual input in the first two years.Caitlin M. Fausey, Swapnaa Jayaraman & Linda B. Smith - 2016 - Cognition 152 (C):101-107.
A Developmental Approach to Machine Learning?Linda B. Smith & Lauren K. Slone - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
Finding Structure in Time: Visualizing and Analyzing Behavioral Time Series.Tian Linger Xu, Kaya de Barbaro, Drew H. Abney & Ralf F. A. Cox - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
Face Processing in Early Development: A Systematic Review of Behavioral Studies and Considerations in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic.Laura Carnevali, Anna Gui, Emily J. H. Jones & Teresa Farroni - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
All the Right Noises: Background Variability Helps Early Word Learning.Katherine E. Twomey, Lizhi Ma & Gert Westermann - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S2):413-438.
References found in this work
Infants selectively encode the goal object of an actor's reach.A. Woodward - 1998 - Cognition 69 (1):1-34.
CONSPEC and CONLERN: A two-process theory of infant face recognition.John Morton & Mark H. Johnson - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (2):164-181.
Newborns' preferential tracking of face-like stimuli and its subsequent decline.Mark H. Johnson, Suzanne Dziurawiec, Hadyn Ellis & John Morton - 1991 - Cognition 40 (1-2):1-19.
Topics in semantic representation.Thomas L. Griffiths, Mark Steyvers & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (2):211-244.