Miserliness in human cognition: the interaction of detection, override and mindware

Thinking and Reasoning 24 (4):423-444 (2018)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

ABSTRACTHumans are cognitive misers because their basic tendency is to default to processing mechanisms of low computational expense. Such a tendency leads to suboptimal outcomes in certain types of hostile environments. The theoretical inferences made from correct and incorrect responding on heuristics and biases tasks have been overly simplified, however. The framework developed here traces the complexities inherent in these tasks by identifying five processing states that are possible in most heuristics and biases tasks. The framework also identifies three possible processing defects: inadequately learned mindware; failure to detect the necessity of overriding the miserly response; and failure to sustain the override process once initiated. An important insight gained from using the framework is that degree of mindware instantiation is strongly related to the probability of successful detection and override. Thus, errors on such tasks cannot be unambiguously attributed to miserly processing – and corre...

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,873

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

What’s so Special About Interaction in Social Cognition?Julius Schönherr - 2017 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 8 (2):181-198.
Why a deep understanding of cultural evolution is incompatible with shallow psychology.Dan Sperber - 2006 - In Nicholas J. Enfield & Stephen C. Levinson (eds.), Roots of Human Sociality. Oxford: Berg Publishers. pp. 431-449.
Beyond ‘Interaction’: How to Understand Social Effects on Social Cognition.Julius Schönherr & Evan Westra - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (1):27-52.
Conversation and Cognition.Hedwig te Molder & Jonathan Potter - 2009 - Human Studies 32 (4):487-502.

Analytics

Added to PP
2018-04-27

Downloads
44 (#370,407)

6 months
11 (#270,430)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?