Abstract
Common sense supposes thoughts can cause bodily movements and thereby bring about changes in where the agent is or how his surroundings are. Many philosophers suppose that any such outcome is realized in a complex state of affairs involving only microparticles; that previous microphysical developments were sufficient to cause that state of affairs; hence that, barring overdetermination, causation by the mental is excluded. This paper argues that the microphysical swarm that realizes the outcome is an accident or a coincidence and has no cause, though each component movement in it has one. Mental causation faces no competition "from below".
Keywords Mental Causation   Essentialism
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DOI 10.1111/j.1933-1592.2001.tb00043.x
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Understanding Brute Facts.Ludwig Fahrbach - 2005 - Synthese 145 (3):449-466.
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Mental Causation Versus Physical Causation: No Contest.Crawford L. Elder - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):110-127.

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