Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (3-4):91-111 (2021)

Authors
Brian D. Earp
Oxford University
Ivar Hannikainen
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro
Jonathan Lewis
University of Manchester
1 more
Abstract
This paper explores an emerging sub-field of both empirical bioethics and experimental philosophy, which has been called “experimental philosophical bioethics” (bioxphi). As an empirical discipline, bioxphi adopts the methods of experimental moral psychology and cognitive science; it does so to make sense of the eliciting factors and underlying cognitive processes that shape people’s moral judgments, particularly about real-world matters of bioethical concern. Yet, as a normative discipline situated within the broader field of bioethics, it also aims to contribute to substantive ethical questions about what should be done in a given context. What are some of the ways in which this aim has been pursued? In this paper, we employ a case study approach to examine and critically evaluate four strategies from the recent literature by which scholars in bioxphi have leveraged empirical data in the service of normative arguments.
Keywords Experimental philosophy  Empirical bioethics  Experimental philosophical bioethics  normative inference  Debunking  Pluralism  Moral judgment  Consent  Death  Gender  Killing
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Reprint years 2021
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DOI 10.1007/s11017-021-09546-z
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References found in this work BETA

Principles of Biomedical Ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
The Structure of Empirical Knowledge.Laurence BonJour - 1985 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
Being Realistic About Reasons.T. M. Scanlon - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
Philosophy Within its Proper Bounds.Edouard Machery - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
The Nature of Normativity.Ralph Wedgwood - 2007 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

A plea for an experimental philosophy of medicine.Andreas De Block & Kristien Hens - 2021 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (3):81-89.
Potentials of Experimental Bioethics.Koji Ota - 2021 - Kagaku Tetsugaku 54 (2):3-26.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

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