Authors
John Dupre
University of Exeter
Abstract
It has increasingly been recognised that units of biological classification cannot be identified with the units of evolution. After briefly defending the necessity of this distinction I argue, contrary to the prevailing orthodoxy, that species should be treated as the fundamental units of classification and not, therefore, as units of evolution. This perspective fits well with the increasing tendency to reject the search for a monistic basis of classification and embrace a pluralistic and pragmatic account of the species category. It also provides a diagnosis of the paradoxical but popular idea that species are individuals: Species are not individuals, but the units of evolution are
Keywords Natural Kinds
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DOI 10.1016/s1369-8486(01)00003-6
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References found in this work BETA

The Effect of Essentialism on Taxonomy—Two Thousand Years of Stasis.David L. Hull - 1964 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 15 (60):314-326.
The Effect of Essentialism on Taxonomy—Two Thousand Years of Stasis.David L. Hull - 1965 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (61):1-18.
Biological Species: Natural Kinds, Individuals, or What?Michael Ruse - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (2):225-242.

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Citations of this work BETA

Natural Kinds: Rosy Dawn, Scholastic Twilight: Ian Hacking.Ian Hacking - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 61:203-239.
Philosophy of Psychiatry.Jonathan Y. Tsou - 2021 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Messy Chemical Kinds.Joyce C. Havstad - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (3):719-743.
Species.Marc Ereshefsky - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Natural Kinds.Emma Tobin & Alexander Bird - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

View all 37 citations / Add more citations

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