Thought as Internal Speech in Plato and Aristotle

History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 19 (1):105-125 (2016)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Scholars often assert that Plato and Aristotle share the view that discursive thought is internal speech. However, there has been little work to clarify or substantiate this reading. In this paper I show Plato and Aristotle share some core commitments about the relationship of thought and speech, but cash out TIS in different ways. Plato and Aristotle both hold that discursive thinking is a process that moves from a set of doxastic states to a final doxastic state. The resulting judgments can be true or false. Norms govern these final judgments and, in virtue of that, they govern the process that arrives at those judgments. The principal norm is consistency. However, the philosophers differ on the source of this norm. For Plato, persuasiveness and accuracy ground non-contradiction because internal speech is dialogical. For Aristotle, the Principle of Non-Contradiction grounds a Doxastic Thesis that no judgment can contradict itself. For Aristotle, metaphysics grounds non-contradiction because internal speech is monological.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 94,659

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Thought as Internal Speech in Plato and Aristotle.Matthew Duncombe - 2016 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 19:105-125.
Speech and Being in Aristotle’s Metaphysics.Scott Roniger - 2017 - International Philosophical Quarterly 57 (1):31-41.
Formation of antique rhetoric: Chronology of rhetorical methods and styles.Irina A. Pantelyeyeva - 2013 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 3:109-117.
Formation of antique rhetoric: Chronology of rhetorical methods and styles.Irina A. Pantelyeyeva - 2013 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 3:109-117.
The Harmony of Plato and Aristotle.Matthew S. Linck - 2006 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 13 (2):38-44.
Ancient thought: Plato & Aristotle.Norman F. Cantor - 1968 - Waltham, Mass.,: Blaisdell Pub. Co.. Edited by Peter L. Klein, Plato & Aristotle.
A History of Ancient Philosophy Ii: Plato and Aristotle.John R. Catan (ed.) - 1985 - State University of New York Press.

Analytics

Added to PP
2020-05-21

Downloads
27 (#590,333)

6 months
12 (#313,260)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Matthew Duncombe
Nottingham University

References found in this work

Studies in the way of words.Herbert Paul Grice - 1989 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Aristotle's first principles.Terence Irwin - 1988 - New York: Oxford University Press.
On concept and object.Gottlob Frege - 1951 - Mind 60 (238):168-180.

View all 47 references / Add more references