From Habit to Monads: Félix Ravaisson's Theory of Substance

British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (6):1085-1105 (2015)
  Copy   BIBTEX


In this article, I argue that in his 1838 De l'habitude, Félix Ravaisson uses the analysis of habit to defend a Leibnizian monadism. Recent commentators have failed to appreciate this because they read Ravaisson as a typically post-Kantian philosopher, and underemphasize the distinct context in which he developed his work. I explore three key claims made by interpreters who argue that Ravaisson should be read as a Schellingian, and show [i] that these claims are incompatible with the text of De l'habitude and [ii] how they have obscured from view the monadism at the heart of this work. This article is divided into two sections. First, I explain the importance of Victor Cousin and Maine de Biran for the development of nineteenth-century French philosophy. Second, I argue that to understand the structure of De l'habitude, it should be read as a critique of Cousin's philosophical method and a demonstration of the superiority of Biran's Leibniz-inspired introspective method. Like Biran, Ravaisson believes tha..



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,873

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Between freedom and necessity: Félix ravaisson on habit and the moral life.Clare Carlisle - 2010 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 53 (2):123 – 145.
De l'habitude métaphysique et morale.Félix Ravaisson - 1999 - Presses Universitaires de France - PUF.
De l'habitude.F. Ravaisson - 1894 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 2 (1):1 - 35.
Habitude.Félix Ravaisson - 1894 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 2:1-35.
De l'habitude.Ravaisson Félix - 1958 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 20 (2):354-354.
Félix Ravaisson, Of Habit. [REVIEW]Kristin Anne Rodier - 2011 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 15 (2):237-240.
De l'habitude, Bib. de philosophie contemporaine.Félix Ravaisson & Jean Baruzi - 1958 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 13 (2):229-229.
Of Habit, by Félix Ravaisson. [REVIEW]Michael Gillan Peckitt - 2012 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 43 (2):217-218.


Added to PP

61 (#269,604)

6 months
14 (#199,983)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Jeremy William Dunham
Durham University