In Alex Dubilet & Kirill Chepurin (eds.), Nothing Absolute: German Idealism and the Question of Political Theology. New York, NY, USA: pp. 240-255 (2021)

Authors
Alex Dubilet
University of California, Berkeley
Alex Dubilet
Vanderbilt University
Abstract
Dubilet’s contribution turns to Marx’s “On the Jewish Question” in order to diagnose the collusive interplay between mediation and sovereignty as modes of transcendence that, together, prevent real immanence from irrupting. It does so by recovering the logic of “the general secular contradiction”—the division between the state and civil society that materializes and secularizes the structure of diremption originally articulated in theological form, as the opposition between heaven and earth. In this analysis, the logic of Christianity is shown to be imbricated with the political form of secular modernity itself. Moreover, this account reveals that the modern secular state does not inaugurate the political theology of immanence; rather it constitutes a mechanism of transcendent mediation. The exception that mediates across the two realms renders transcendence livable, but it also reproduces the dirempted life, establishing it as the unsurpassable horizon and foreclosing all operations of dissolution or abolition that could collapse the structure of civil society and the state that governs “the order of the world.” Although immediate transcendence (sovereignty) may be positioned, as it is in the Schmittian paradigm, as radically distinct from its mediational counterpart, in relation to real immanence the two operate as a collusive ensemble.
Keywords Karl Marx  Secularism  Immanence  Political Theology  The Secular  The State  Civil Society  Political Modernity  sovereignty  transcendence
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Secularism.Gil Anidjar - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 33 (1):52.

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